Times of India: Analyzing the Impact of Government Intervention in India’s Onion Market
Article published: January 2, 2024
IB Economics Syllabus: Microeconomics (government intervention, supply and demand)
The Indian government’s contemplation to lift the ban on onion exports, as reported by the Times of India, provides a compelling case study in government intervention in the microeconomy. This decision comes in the wake of significant price decreases in the domestic onion market, a direct consequence of the government’s active involvement in the procurement and disposal of the kharif onion crop. This scenario offers a vivid illustration of how government policies can influence market equilibrium, affecting both producers and consumers.
The intervention led to a substantial reduction in onion prices, with retail prices dropping by 30% and wholesale prices by 35%. This price adjustment demonstrates the tangible effects of government actions on market supply and demand. The potential lifting of the export ban represents a strategic response to the evolving market situation, balancing the need to stabilize prices with the imperatives of ensuring fair remuneration for farmers and preventing market glut.
IB Economics (IA) Commentary Suggestions:
For your IA, consider analyzing this situation using the theories of supply and demand, and government intervention in markets. Examine how the export ban and its potential lifting could affect the onion market in India, focusing on the implications for price stability, producer surplus, and consumer welfare. This case provides an opportunity to delve into the theme of government intervention by the government and its broader economic consequences. The key concept to focus on in this IA is intervention.
Source of image: Times of India
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